CMS refers to a research format described in the Chicago Manual of Style. This format is often used for history, philosophy and religion papers; instructors in other disciplines may also prefer CMS format.
Use headline-style capitalization for titles:
Do not capitalize:
"Explaining the Relation between Birth Order and Intelligence"
The Theory of the Novel
Use quotation marks for:
Use single quotation marks (apostrophes) for quotes inside quotes:
Max Stark points out, "The difference between 'annoyance' and 'harassment' is clear."
Use italics for:
Coming of Age in Samoa; Psychology Today; WebMD
Critics have called the movie the director's tour de force.
Brown v. Board of Education
Many of the poet's sonnets are written in the Shakespearean or English style.
Within the text of your paper, write out:
The meeting began at seven-thirty in the morning.
Use numerals for:
The researchers tested 100 children, 84 in public school and 16 in private school.
Only 4% of the graduates attended, down 86% from the previous year.
The meeting began at 7:34 a.m.
Exception: In papers that use a great deal of numeric information, spell out only numbers of one digit; use numerals for all others: In two days, 89 subjects were tested.
Abbreviations should be used sparingly in the text of your paper; in many cases the full term, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses, should be used on first reference:
He graduated from Laramie County Community College (LCCC) in 2018.
C. S. Lewis
Do not abbreviate: