Tables present numeric or verbal information in columns and rows. Figures are other images, such as charts, graphs, diagrams, photographs, maps, etc.
- Place tables and figures immediately after the first paragraph in which they are mentioned if there is room; otherwise, they may be placed on the next page.
- When referring to tables and figures in the text, use the number, not wording such as "as shown in the table below."
- Acknowledge sources in notes immediately below the table or figure.
- Unless the same sources are cited elsewhere in the paper, they need not be included in the Bibliography.
Format for Tables:
- Place table number and title above the table at the left margin, with a full-width horizontal rule below.
- Use sentence-style capitalization for the title.
- Place source citations under the table as follows:
- Insert a blank line between table and citation
- Align citation with left margin and use single spacing
- Place the word Source in italics, followed by a colon, followed by source information, including:
- The words "Data from" or "Adapted from"
- The author's full name
- The title of the source
- Publication information
- Place explanatory notes (if any) on a new line after source identification
Format for Figures:
Place figure number and caption below the figure, aligned with left margin, as follows:
- Place the word Figure in Roman type, followed by the number and a period
- Write the caption using sentence-style capitalization
- Separate caption and source with a period
- Begin source line with appropriate wording such as Data from, Photograph by, etc., and include source information as above
Exception: For musical scores, the figure number and caption appear above the figure.