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Speech-Language Pathology: Home

Reference Sources


Streaming Media

Journal Articles

Citation Help

Citing Images

Basic format for your References list:

Owner/Creator. (Publication Date or n.d.). Title of image in italics [image type, such as Photograph, Diagram, Chart, etc.]. Retrieved from URL

Example 1: An image from Anatomy.TV

Primal Pictures. (2012). Clinical specialties: Introduction to audiology: External, middle and inner ear (layer 1) [Diagram]. Retrieved from

In-text citation, under the image:
‚ÄčFigure 1:  External, middle and inner ear (Primal Pictures, 2012)

Example 2: An image you found online (use Creative Commons search!)

Brockmann, C. L. (2009). Anatomy of the human ear [Diagram]. Retrieved from

In-text citation:
Figure 2: Anatomy of the human ear (Brockmann, 2009)

Example 3: An image you found online with no title (make your own descriptive title)

Marr, T. L. (2018). Speech pathologist works with child [Photograph]. Retrieved from

In-text citation:
Figure 3: Speech pathologist works with child (Marr, 2018)


Citing Lectures (PowerPoints)

Basic format:

Instructor's name. (Year). Title of presentation in italics [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from College Name Course name Learning Management System Name.


Swanger, M. (2018). How to cite using APA style [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from Laramie County Community College APA 101 Canvas.

In-text citation:
(Swanger, 2018, slide 5)


Citing Textbook


Seikel, J. Anthony; Drumright, David G.; Seikel, Paula. (2013). ‘Anatomy & Physiology of Respiration’ Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology for Communication Disorders. Delmar, Cengage Learning, p. 89.


Meghan Kelly's picture
Meghan Kelly
Office: LIB 120
(307) 778-1201
Pathway Subjects:
Health Sciences & Wellness