MLA Style is the format used by the Modern Language Association. Most papers written for classes in the arts and humanities use MLA style; instructors in other disciplines may also prefer MLA format.
Author’s last name, First name. Title of book in italics. Publisher, year.
Book with One Author:
Macdonald, Helen. H is for hawk. Grove Press, 2014.
In-text citation: (Macdonald 27).
Book with Two Authors:
Stevenson, Robert Louis, and Lloyd Osbourne. The Wrong Box. Oxford UP, 1995.
In-text citation: (Stevenson and Osbourne 63).
Book with Three or More Authors:
Dunne, Peter, et al. Hawks in Flight: The Flight Identification of North American Raptors. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2012.
In-text citation: (Dunne et al.13).
Book in a Multi-Volume Set
Jowett, Benjamin. The Epistles of St. Paul to the Thessalonians, Galatians, Romans: With Critical Notes and Dissertations. Vol. 2, John Murray, 1855.
Chapter or Article in a Book or Entry from a Reference Book:
Storck, Thomas. “Censorship Can Be Beneficial.” Censorship: Opposing Viewpoints, edited by Byron L. Stay, Greenhaven, 1997, pp. 17-24.
Electronic Version of a Print Book:
Huxley, T. H. The Advance of Science in the Last Half-Century. D. Appleton, 1889. Project Gutenberg, www.gutenberg.org/ files/15253/
Author’s last name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Title of Magazine or Journal, volume number, issue number, publication date, page range.
Journal Article in Print:
Merskey, Harold. “Ethical Issues in the Search for Repressed Memories.” American Journal of Psychotherapy, vol. 50, no. 3, Summer 1996,
Journal Article from an Academic Database: (Include a doi when available; include a url if no doi is available)
Ablon, Joan. “The Social Organization of an Urban Samoan Community.” Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, vol. 27, no. 1, Spring 1971, pp. 75-99.
JSTOR, www.jstor.org/ stable/3629186.
Journal Article Online: (Include a doi when available; otherwise include a url)
Bregant, Janez. "Critical Thinking in Education: Why to Avoid Logical Fallacies?" Problems of Education in the 21st Century, vol. 61, 2014, pp. 18-27.
Scientia Socialis, www.scientiasocialis.lt/pec/files/pdf/vol61/18-27.Bregant_Vol.61.pdf.
Magazine Article in Print:
Yeager, Ashley. “Maestros of Learning and Memory.” Science News, vol. 188, no. 4, 22 Aug. 2015, pp. 18-21.
Magazine Article Online:
Olsen, Patrick. 5 Things to Know about Oil Changes for Your Car. Consumer Reports, 4 Sept. 2017, www.consumerreports.org/car-maintenance/
Newspaper Article Online:
Natanson, Hannah. "Forget What You May Have Been Told. New Study Says Strangers Step in to Help 90 Percent of the Time." The Washington Post,
6 Sept. 2019, www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/2019/09/06/high-level-help-was-surprising-new-study-says-strangers-step-help-percent-time/.
Author’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of Document.” Name of Website, Publisher (if different), date, URL. Omit http:// or https:// at beginning of URL.
Klingelhofer, Eric. “What Happened to the Lost Colony of Roanoke Island?” HistoryExtra, Immediate Media, 2020, www.historyextra.com/
Webpage with Publisher Used as Site Name:
Munger, Michael. “Starbucks Too Has Surge Pricing.” American Institute for Economic Research, 4 Nov. 2019, www.aier.org/
Webpage with No Author Named: (Do not use the publishing organization for the author)
“Online Safety Basics: Online Shopping.” StaySafeOnline, National Cyber Security Alliance, 2020, staysafeonline.org/stay-safe-online/
In-text citation: (“Online Safety”).
Website with No Date:
"Louis Pasteur." Science Museum Group, collection.sciencemuseumgroup.org.uk/ people/cp78620/louis-pasteur. Accessed 1 May 2020.
Title of Video. YouTube, uploaded by Screen Name, date, url.
Mayan Ruins of Coba—Mexico. YouTube, uploaded by Expert Vagabond, 9 Mar. 2016, www.youtube.com/watch?v=cMf_WpepQP0.
Dictionary or Encyclopedia:
"Capital." Dictionary.com, 2020, www.dictionary.com/browse/capital?s=t.
In-text citation: ("Capital," def. 8)