Skip to Main Content

Semicolons and Colons: Home

Semicolons with Independent Clauses

Use a semicolon to separate independent clauses within a sentence without a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so):

Semicolons in Complex Series

Use semicolons in a series when items in the series contain internal punctuation:

Colons with Quotations

Use a colon when introducing a quotation with an independent clause:

Use a colon to introduce a block-format quotation in a research paper:

Colons for Explanations, Examples, Elaborations

Use a colon to emphasize explanatory or illustrative material following an independent clause:

Colons to Introduce Lists

Use a colon before a list or series introduced by an independent clause:

Colons in Titles

Use a colon to separate a subtitle from a title:

Colons in Numeric Expressions

Use colons in certain numeric expressions: