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Speech-Language Pathology: Cite Sources

This guide will help you find academic journal articles, books and websites for research in the area of speech pathology.

Citation Tips

Citation Tips:

  • Keep track of your sources WHILE you are researching.  Do not try to retrace your research steps at the end of the process!
  • Create a RefWorks account (instructions in box below) to track your sources. Create a correctly formatted citation page as well as correctly formatted in-text citations.  A little work up front learning this product will save you TONS of time in multiple classes!
  • Consult reputable online sources for citation help (like the Purdue OWL site), citation LibGuides from LCCC (APA guide) as well as print style guides available in the library.

Test Yourself:

Citation Help

Citing Images

Basic format for your References list:

Creator, C. (Year of publication or n.d.). Title of image in Italics [image type, such as Photograph, Diagram, Chart, etc.]. Source. URL.            

Example 1: An image from Anatomy.TV

Primal Pictures. (2012). Clinical specialties: Introduction to audiology: External, middle and inner ear (layer 1) [Diagram]. AnatomyTV.

In-text citation:
‚Äč(Primal Pictures, 2012)

To include the image as a figure:

Figure 1

Clinical specialties: Introduction to audiology: External, middle and inner ear

"Image Box"

Note. From “Clinical Specialties: Introduction to Audiology: External, Middle and Inner Ear (Layer 1),” by Primal Pictures, 2012, Anatomy TV, ( aspx). Copyright 2012 by Primal Pictures.

Example 2: An image you found online (use Creative Commons search!)

Brockmann, C. L. (2009). Anatomy of the human ear [Diagram]. Wikipedia.

In-text citation:

(Brockmann, 2009)

Example 3: An image you found online with no title (describe the image in square brackets)

Marr, T. L. (2018). [Photograph of a speech pathologist working with a child]. US Army.

In-text citation:
(Marr, 2018)

Citing Lectures (PowerPoints)

Basic format:

Instructor, I. (Year). Title of presentation in italics [PowerPoint slides]. Learning Management System Name. Login page URL


Swanger, M. (2018). How to cite using APA style [PowerPoint slides]. Canvas.

In-text citation:
(Swanger, 2018)


Citing Textbook


Seikel, J. Anthony; Drumright, David G.; Seikel, Paula. (2013). ‘Anatomy & Physiology of Respiration’ Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology for Communication Disorders. Delmar, Cengage Learning, p. 89.

Creating a RefWorks Account

NOTICE:  LCCC Ludden Library is discontinuing its RefWorks account as of August 31, 2024

Use RefWorks, an online citation generator, to easily create or download citations in all major formats (APA, MLA, AMA, etc.). It will also help you format in-text citations and your full works cited page/bibliography as well. Click on the arrow for directions on how to create an account and get started using the program.

RefWorks Map

Step 1: Open RefWorks.  Next, click on the Create account link.

Ref Works log in screen

Step 2: Enter your LCCC email address.  The format for your LCCC email address is shown in the picture. Your email address will be your username. Click on the blue Check button.

Email address box

Step 3: Create a password.  It must be at least 6 characters long.  Click the Sign Up button.

Create a password box

Step 4: Visit the RefWorks channel on YouTube to learn how to track your citations and create correctly formatted bibliographies and in-text citations.

Picture of RefWorks YouTube channel

RefWorks Help

Already Have a RefWorks Account?

  • Don' t forget that your username is your LCCC email address.
  • Need a refresher? Visit the RefWorks YouTube channel  or contact a librarian for assistance. 
  • Note: As with all automatically generated citations, it is important to double check the accuracy of your citations before turning in your assignment.