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Humanities: Other Common Sources

Film or Video Recording


Votes for Women. Screenplay by Kay Weaver. Dir. Kay Weaver and Martha

          Wheelock. Ishtar, 1996. DVD.

Gone with the Wind. Dir. Victor Fleming. Perf. Vivien Leigh, Clark Gable,

          Leslie Howard, and Olivia De Haviland.  1939. MGM Home Entertainment,

          1998. DVD.


Video Clip From the Web

"Ladies on Bicycles." Prod. Hepworth. BFI Natl. Archive, 1899.

            YouTube. 7 Feb. 2008. Web. 20 July 2009.


Advertisement Video Clip From the Web

Coca-Cola. “Coke Sues Coke Zero for Infringement.”  Advertisement. YouTube.

          26 July 2006.  Web. 20 July 2009.


Encyclopedia or Reference Work Article - Digital

With an Author

Rhode, Deborah L. “Nineteenth Amendment.” Encyclopedia of the American Constitution.


2nd ed.  Vol. 4. Detroit: Macmillan Ref. USA, 2000. Gale Virtual Reference

Library. Web. 3 Nov. 2008.


Without an Author


“Nineteenth Amendment.” West’s Encylopdedia of American Law. 2nd ed. Vol. 7.


                Detroit: Gale, 2005. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 3 Nov. 2008.


Well-Known Encyclopedia With a Specific Edition

“Catt, Carrie Chapman.” Encyclopaedia Britannica Online.  Academic Edition.


                Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2009. Web. 14 July 2009.



Government Documents

Government Document in Print

United States. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Office on Women’s Health.

   The Healthy Woman: A Complete Guide for All Ages.

   Washington: GPO, 2008. Print.



Government Document from the Web

United States. Dept. of Health and Human Services. CDC. Natl. Center

             for Health Statistics. Cohabitation, Marriage, Divorce,

             and Remarriage in the United States. Hyattsville: Dept. of Health

             and Human Services, 2002. Web. 14 July 2009.


From Television

Lerner, Gerda. Interview by Jane Doe. American Women Through History.


               Pub. Broadcasting Service. WGBH, Boston. 3 Apr. 2004. Television.



From the Internet

Palin, Bristol, and Sarah Palin. “Exclusive: A Visit with the Palins.”

            Interview by Greta Van Susteren. On the Record w/Greta.

  , 18 Feb. 2009. Web. 16 July 2009.

Email or Letter

E-Mail Message


Sayler, Lucy. “Re: Divorce in the West.” Message to the author. 1 July 2009. E-mail.




Richards, Marjorie. Letter to the author. 4 Dec. 2008. MS.


Please note:  Use MS for handwritten letters and TS for typewritten letters.


Work of Art or Photograph

Photograph from a Database


Chapman, C.T. Carrie Chapman Catt. 1917. Gelatin Silver Print. Schlesinger History


           of American Women in America Collection.  ArtStor.  Web.  20 July 2009.


Painting from a Digital Source


Schiele, Egon. Seated Woman. 1917. Watercolor. Metropolitan Museum of Art.


          ArtStor. Web. 20 July 2009.


Musical Score

Beach, H.H.A. Sonata in A Minor for Violin and Piano, Opus 24. 1889. New York:


          De Capo, 1986. Print.


More MLA Guides

Tips That Help

Follow the style guide – ALWAYS.   Don’t agonize about why the guide tells you to do something, just do it!


Be consistent.  If the style guide says to use italics for the title of the book or journal (and MLA does) use italics ALWAYS.


Don’t mix style guides.  MLA and APA cannot be used simultaneously in a paper.  Choose one and stick to it.


If you don’t know how to cite a particular source, look it up.  The style guide has thought of nearly every type of source.


Print off, save, or copy the citation of the source you consulted, when you consult it. Don’t say, “I’ll do it later,” or “I am not sure I want to use this source, I’ll go back to it if I do.”  Going back later without the citation is often impossible.